Wednesday, August 04, 2010

Light Up Nigeria: facts and stats about electricity in Nigeria

The Light Up Nigeria Twitter feed published a series of compelling tweets this morning. I've pasted them all below, more or less in the order they appeared. Read and absorb the complexity of the mess:

· 1881: year Electricity was first generated in England. 15 yrs before Nigeria

· 1896 The year electricity was first generated in Nigeria. Place was Ijora, in Lagos.

· 60KW - Nigeria's generation capacity in 1896. :)

· Kainji Dam: The oldest, still functional power plant in Nigeria, is about 40 years old.

· 48% - percentage of Nigerians who have NO source of power, 114 years after we first generated power in Nigeria....

· 40%: percentage of the population served by the National grid

· 60%: The average percentage of time when the 40% served by the grid don't have power.

· Kainji Dam: What it was designed produce 760MW, What it is producing now: 400MW. Why? Faulty parts

· 3: Number of Hydro Plants in Nigeria. 1939: Amount of power in MW, they are supposed to generate. 1000: What they generate

· 11: Number of Thermal Plants in NG. 5976: Amount of power in MW, they are supposed to generate. 2589: What they generate

· There are 16 ongoing power generation projects designed to generate 12,500MW for the national grid

· If the projects were completed today, Nigeria would have 20,000MW capacity in generation. BUT....

· BUT... The National transmission grid is only designed to carry 4,800MW. So 75% of that capacity will useless...

· But it also gets WORSE. Some of the electricity generated is "lost" in transmission. (Transmission Loss)

· Transmission losses usually should not exceed 7%. This means that if 100MW is generated, at least 93MW should get to u!

· The Transmission losses on the Nigerian grid is 35%!!!!! So if 100MW is generated only 65MW gets to you!!

· Please find a diagram of the NG transmission system attached. Notice the TX losses??

· Transmission losses in Nigeria are the highest in the world. more than 3 times what is normal.

· Even if we generate 2000GW, our grid will only be able to carry 4800 MW and 1,600MW of that will be WASTED

· So why does the Nigerian transmission grid have such a high loss?? Sabotage! Illegal Connections, Poor Equipment

· There were 12 cases of sabotage of the transmission grid in Nigeria in 2008 alone. (TCN)

· N1m. The amount in Naira paid to Ajibode Community as reward 4 assistance in apprehension of two powerline vandals in 08.

· 30 years: The average age of the equipment on the National grid. Older than most of you!!

· To illustrate the capacity issues on the National grid consider the following example:

· River State spends $161m to generate 275MW. Capacity of Grid into Rivers 100MW. 175MW: what RSG paid 4 they don't get

· Rivers State is only getting 40% benefit of their own investment because of grid limitations. :)

· Over 90 transmission projects are ongoing, to add an additional 9,000MW to the capacity of the grid

· Even if all 90 transmission projects are completed, There will still be a shortfall of 10,000MW in capacity. God dey.

· But even if we complete all these projects... the biggest question is HOW WILL THEY BE MAINTAINED?

· For more information on the status of power generation projects: Jan 2010, but still current.

· EFCC survey (published 2010), PHCN ranked least performing & least honest, less than political parties or the police!

· According to the same survey, 82% of the businesses surveyed admit they have bribed PHCN for "better treatment"

· If we are bribing PHCN, will they not be corrupt?

· N7/KWh - How much we buy power in Nigeria. N18/KWh - About how much it costs to generate

· N11/KWh - About how much of your electricity bill Govt. pays for you (subsidy). *shrug*

· How much of our PHCN bills do we really pay? Lets do a small check. :)

· 950m - how much in naira Consumers in the Diobu Business Unit in PH Rivers State alone owed PHCN as at March 2010

· 98bn - Amount in naira owed to PHCN by FGN MDA as at April 2009.

· 70bn - Amount owed in debt to PHCN due to unsettled bills as march 2010 - Minister of State for power.

· So if the customers and the govt. are owing PHCN, how do the staff get paid?

· If you are not getting paid or paid well, are you more likely to collect bribes from saboteurs?

· Now lets talk about gas. Gas is the source of fuel for 40% of all power generated in Nigeria.

· Nigeria produces 4.2bcfd of gas every year. 55% of that is flared (burnt up)

· The amount of gas flared in Nigeria creates about 70 million metric tons of CO2 emissions per year. BIG pollution

· Imagine stacking up $2.5bn in $100 notes and burning them up in a huge inferno? That’s what we do when we flare gas!

· The amount of gas we flare can provide electricity for ALL OF Sub-Saharan Africa

· But that is not all. The amount of gas we flare is equivalent to $2.5 BILLION every year!!

· The state of Florida has 55,460MW generating capacity. About 10 times that of Nigeria

· Texas can generate 104,966MW of electricity - beat that with a stick. :D


Anonymous,  9:17 pm  

i am in tears

Anonymous,  5:18 am  


Anonymous,  9:48 am  

Many Nigerians are well aware of what needs to be done about Nigeria's power supply problems -- and that starts with frankly with no more difficult a task than simply implementing the statutory mandates of the EXISTING sectoral law, the Electricity Sector Reform Act of 2005.

The ESRA is an excellent blueprint that provides for the unbundling and privatization of generation and distribution, the entry of more private parties and (crucially) the deregulation of electricity tariffs to be cost-reflective, without which banks and other financiers would NEVER finance private sector independent power projects in Nigeria.

Unfortunately, the political will seems to be lacking, as the usual chattering classes (and the latter-day theortical Marxists -- there are probably more "comrades" in Nigeria today than in the old Soviet countries) would start raising the same sorts of ruckus that has attended attempts to deregulate the present inefficient fuel pricing system (another corrupt pubic sector sinkhole).

Unfortunately, it appears that many Nigerians would rather pay little or nothing for nominal "cheap" goods and services, rather than pay economic or market prices --ignoring of course that the REAL price of compensating for the unavailability and unreliability of such nominally "cheap" goods and services often amounts to a price GREATER than economic or market pricing. This is perhaps the result of a cross between an 'awoof' culture and a culture of entitlement that seems prevalent in Nigeria. But of course, we often end up getting exactly what we pay for -- NOTHING!

ADEBAYO, Oluwakemi,  10:03 am  

Undoubtedly, Nigeria remains a country blessed with all human and material resources but plagued by bad leaders...Long before the commencement of the civilian regime in 1999, stable electricity supply has remained a key subject for discussion. First, the problem was proposed to be solved in six months, and then it was changed to 18 months, subsequently moved to the end of 2007 when Nigerians were assured of 10,000 megawatts of electricity. Till date, the electricity crisis which led to the unbundling of the former Nigerian Electric Power Authority (NEPA) now recognized as the Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN) had not yielded any noticeable change in the sector. Rather, the sector continues to remain a prime target for corruption practices.

Today,Nigerians have once again being promised of 7,500MW by April 2011....BIG SHAME to those parading themselves as Nigeria's leaders at whatever level

Baba Yusuf,  6:26 am  

I'm amazed. but then, many average Nigerians are now IPPs and have tested the intricacies of generating electricity (cost is pretty obvious), at least to compliment for the epileptic grid supply......

Please let us give way for a cost reflective tariff for investors to play their part in the privatization scheme.

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